Broadly speaking, my research involves the interaction of ice sheets, oceans and the climate system on orbital to centennial time-scales. I am interested in the effects of deglaciation on climate, constructing paleoclimate records, and the role of the ocean in modulating the climate response between hemispheres. I currently have projects working on the Laurentide and Greenland Ice Sheets addressing the behavior of these ice sheets and their effects on climate over multiple glacial cycles. My approach to research uses a combination of dating methods (cosmogenic dating, radiocarbon), analytical techniques (isotope and trace element analysis, geochemistry), field geology, and conceptual and analytical models. I believe a holistic approach is required to place data into the global picture and vice versa for the applicability of models.
I am the lead of the PAGES working group, PALeo constraints on SEA-level rise (PALSEA2)
I am part of the larger Quaternary Paleoclimate research group here in CEOAS (website)
Investigating glacial-interglacial and long-term changes in the Greenland and Laurentide ice sheets across the late Cenozoic.
Determining the volatility of Greenland and other Arctic (Svalbard, Alasaka) ice masses in the late Holocene.
And the long-term goal of documenting the last deglaciation of the Laurentide ice sheet and its impacts on the globe.
Current NSF/National Geographic Projects:
Cosmogenic surface exposure dating of southern Laurentide ice retreat and eastward Lake Agassiz routing: relationship to the Younger Dryas cold event
Collaborative Resarch: Testing the impact of orbital to centennial scale climate change on the Greenland ice sheet: deglacial climate-ice-sheet model-data comparison (co-PI Rob DeConto at UMass-Amherst)
Response of the Labrador Sea and south Greenland ice sheet to the mid-Pliocene climate optimum: sedimentary, magnetic and geochemical evidence from the Eirik Drift (co-PI Joe Stoner)
Timing of late-Holocene glacier fluctuations on Svalbard and their relationship to sea-ice extent
MRI: Acquisition of an X-Ray Fluorescence scanner for automated high-resolution sensing of Earth system archives (co-PIs Joe Stoner, Alan Mix, Rob Wheatcroft, Julie Pett-Ridge)
2000 - B.A. Augustana College, Geology (honors) & German; summa cum laude
2002 - M.S. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Geology
2006 - Ph.D. Oregon State University, Geology & Oceanography (minor)
2007 - Post Doc Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
2007-2012 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison
2012 Associate Professor, Dept. of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison
2012- Associate Professor, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University
Current Students and Postdocs
Gaylen Sinclair (Ph.D. student)
David Leydet (M.S. student)
Heather Bervid (Ph.D. student starting fall 2015)
Zoe Kilmer (B.S. student)
Dr. Maureen Davies (Post Doc)
Dr. Christo Buizert (Post Doc - advised with Ed Brook)
Former Students and Postdocs
Lisa Colville - M.S., 2009, Geochemical proxies to constrain the extent of the southern Greenland Ice Sheet during the last 2 interglacials (teaching at UW-Fox Valley)
Libby Obbink - M.S., 2009, North American freshwater routing during the last deglaciation and abrupt climate change (now at U. Southern California)
Kelsey Winsor - M.S., 2010, Labrador Sea temperature and hydrography variability over the last two deglaciations (continuing Ph.D.)
Dan Murray - M.S., 2011, Northern Hemisphere forcing of the last deglaciation in Southern Patagonia (now at Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey)
Beth Welke - B.S., 2011, Deglacial changes in Labrador Sea sedimentology (M.S. Indiana U.-Purdue U. in Earth Sciences; now a Ph.D. student at University of Arizona)
Jeremy Hoffman - B.A., 2011, Linking the 8.2 ka event and its freshwater forcing in the Labrador Sea (undergraduate at Augustana College, PhD student at Oregon State U. in Geology)
Dr. Alberto Reyes - Ph.D. from University of Alberta, postdoc 2011-2012, Lecturer at Queens University, Belfast 2013-2014, Assistant Professor at University of Alberta, 2014 -
Mel Reusche - B.S., 2013, Timing of late Holocene glacier advances on Svalbard using cosmogenic radionuclide ages
Angus Moore - B.S., 2013, Lithological controls on cosmogenic inheritance in southern Wisconsin (M.S. student at Purdue University)
Dave Ullman - Ph.D., 2013, Cosmogenic dating of Laurentide Ice Sheet retreat and modeling the radiative forcing of retreat, now a postdoc at Oregon State University
Kelsey Winsor - Ph.D., 2014, - Assessing deglacial changes in the Greenland ice sheet on the shelf and land, now a Visiting Assistant Professor at Colgate University
48. Winsor, K., Carlson, A.E., Caffee, M., and Rood, D.H., in press, Rapid last-deglacial thinning and retreat of the marine-terminating southwestern Greenland ice sheet: Earth and Planetary Science Letters.
47. Ullman, D.J., Carlson, A.E., LeGrande, A.N., Moore, A.K., Anslow, F.S., Caffee, M., Syverson, K.M., and Licciardi, J.M., 2015, Southern Laurentide ice-sheet retreat synchronous with rising boreal summer insolation: Geology, v. 43, p. 23-26. PDF
46. Buizert, C., Gkinis, V., Severinghaus, J.P., He, F., Lecavalier, B.S., Kindler, P., Leuenberger, M., Carlson, A.E., Vinther, B., Masson-Delmotte, V., White, J.W.C., Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B., and Brook, E.J., 2014, Greenland temperature response to climate forcing during the last deglaciation: Science, v. 345, p. 1177-1180. PDF
45. Carlson, A.E., Winsor, K.,Ullman, D.J., Brook, E.J., Rood, D.H., Axford, Y., LeGrande, A.N., Anslow, F.S., and Sinclair, G., 2014, Earliest Holocene south Greenland ice-sheet retreat within its late-Holocene extent: Geophyscial Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2014GL060800. PDF
44. Winsor, K., Carlson, A.E., and Rood, D.H., 2014, 10Be dating of the Narsarsuaq moraine in southernmost Greenland: evidence for a late-Holocene ice advance exceeding the Little Ice Age maximum: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 98, p. 135-143. PDF
43. Reyes, A.V., Carlson, A.E., Beard, B.L., Hatfield, R.G., Stoner, J.S., Winsor, K., Welke, B., and Ullman, D.J., 2014, South Greenland ice-sheet collapse during Marine Isotope Stage 11: Nature, v. 510, p. 525-528. PDF
42. Reusche, M., Winsor, K., Carlson, A.E., Marcott, S.A., Rood, D.H., Novak, A., Roof, S., Retelle, M., Werner, A., Caffee, M., and Clark, P.U., 2014, 10Be surface exposure ages on the late-Pleistocene and Holocene history of Linnébreen on Svalbard: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 89, p. 5-12. PDF
41. Ullman, D.J., LeGrande, A.N., Carlson, A.E., Anslow, F.S., and Licciardi, J.M., 2014, Assessing the impact of Laurentide Ice-Sheet topography on glacial climate: Climate of the Past, v. 10, p. 487-507. PDF
40. Carlson, A.E., 2013, Global Younger Dryas: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, v. 3, p. 126-134. PDF
39. Hatfield, R.G., Stoner, J.S., Carlson, A.E., Reyes, A.V., and Housen, B.A., 2013, Source as a controlling factor on the quality and interpretation of sediment magnetic records from the northern North Atlantic: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 368, p. 69-77. PDF
38. He, F., Shakun, J.D., Clark, P.U., Carlson, A.E., Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., and Kutzbach, J.E., 2013, Northern Hemisphere forcing of Southern Hemisphere climate during the last deglaciation: Nature, v. 494, p. 81-85. PDF
37. Carlson, A.E., and Clark, P.U., 2012, Ice-sheet sources of sea-level rise and freshwater discharge during the last deglaciation: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 50, doi: 10.1029/ 2011RG000371. PDF
36. Winsor, K., Carlson, A.E., Klinkhammer, G.P. Stoner, J.S., and Hatfield, R.H., 2012, Evolution of the northeast Labrador Sea during the last interglaciation: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 13, doi: 10.1029/2012GC004263. PDF
35. Carlson, A.E., and Winsor, K., 2012, Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet responses to past climate warming: Nature Geoscience, v. 5, 607-613. PDF
34. Hoffman, J.S., Carlson, A.E., Winsor, K., Klinkhammer, G.P., LeGrande, A.N., Andrews, J.T., and Strasser, J.C., 2012, Linking the 8.2 ka event and its freshwater forcing in the Labrador Sea: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 39, doi: 10.1029/2012GL053047. PDF
33. Liu, Z., Carlson, A.E., He, F., Brady, E.C., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Briegleb, B.P., Wehrenberg, M., Clark, P.U., Wu, S., Cheng, J., Zhang, J., Noone, D., and Zhu, J., 2012, Younger Dryas Cooling and the Greenland Climate Response to CO2: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1202183109. PDF
32. Murray, D.S., Carlson, A.E., Singer, B.S., Anslow, F.S., He, F., Caffee, M., Marcott, S.A., Liu, Z., and Otto-Bliesner, B.L., 2012, Northern Hemisphere forcing of the last deglaciation in southern Patagonia: Geology, v. 40, p. 631-634. PDF
31. Sanchez-Goni, M.F., Bakker, P., Desprat, S., Carlson, A.E., Van Meerbeeck, C., Peyron, O., Naughton, F., Fletcher, W.J., Eynaud, F., Rossignol, L., and Renssen, H., 2012, European climate optimum and enhanced Greenland melt during the Last Interglacial: Geology, v. 40, p. 627-630. PDF
30. Clark, P.U., Shakun, J.D., Baker, P.A., Bartlein, P.J., Brewer, S., Brook, E.J., Carlson, A.E., Cheng, H., Kaufman, D.S., Liu, Z., Marchitto, T.M., Mix, A.C., Morrill, C., Otto-Bliesner, B., Pahnke, K., Russell, J.M., Whitlock, C., Adkins, J.F., Blois, J.L., Clark, J., Colman, S.C., Curry, W.B., Flower, B.P., He, F., Johnson, T.C., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Markgraf, V., McManus, J.F., Mitrovica, J.X., Moreno, P.I., and Williams, J.W., 2012, Global climate evolution during the last deglaciation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1116619109. PDF
29. Carlson, A.E., Ullman, D.J., Anslow, F.S., He, F., Clark, P.U., Liu, Z., and Otto-Bliesner, B.L., 2012, Modeling the Surface Mass Balance Response of the Laurentide Ice Sheet to Bølling warming and Its Contribution to Meltwater Pulse 1A: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 315-316, p. 24-29. PDF
28. Gingerich, P.D., Zalmout, I.S., Antar, M.S.M., Williams, E.M., Carlson, A.E., Kelly, D.C., and Peters, S.P., 2012, Large-scale glaciation and deglaciation of Antarctica during the late Eocene: REPLY: Geology, v. 40, p. e255. PDF
27. Carlson, A.E., 2011, Ice Sheets and Sea Level in Earth’s Past: Nature Education Knowledge, 2(12): 3. LINK
26. Carlson, A.E., Principato, S.M., Chapel, D.M., and Mickelson, D.M., 2011, Quaternary geology of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin: Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin 106.
25. Colville, E.J., Carlson, A.E., Beard, B.L., Hatfield, R.G., Stoner, J.S., Reyes, A.V., and Ullman, D.J., 2011, Sr-Nd-Pb isotope evidence for ice-sheet presence on southern Greenland during the last interglacial: Science, v. 333, p. 620-623. PDF
24. Marcott, S.A., Clark, P.U., Padman, L., Klinkhammer, G.P., Springer, S., Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., Carlson, A.E., Ungerer, A., Padman, J., He, F., Cheng, J., and Schmittner, A., 2011, Ice-shelf collapse from subsurface warming as a trigger for Heinrich events: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1104772108. PDF
23. Montero-Serrano, J.-C., Bout-Roumazeilles, V., Carlson, A.E., Tribovillard, N., Bory, A., Meunier, G., Sionneau, T., Flower, B.P., Martinez, P., Billy, I., and Riboulleau, A., 2011, Contrasting rainfall patterns over North America during the Holocene and Last Interglacial as recorded by sediments of the northern Gulf of Mexico: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 38, doi: 10.1029/2011GL048194. PDF
22. Carlson, A.E., 2010, What Caused the Younger Dryas Cold Event?: Geology, v. 29, p. 383-384. PDF
21. Obbink, E.A., Carlson, A.E., and Klinkhammer, G.P., 2010, Eastern North American Freshwater Discharge during the Bølling-Allerød Warm Periods: Geology, v. 38, p. 171-174. PDF
20. Peters, S.E., Carlson, A.E., Kelly, D.C., and Gingerich, P.D., 2010, Large-scale Glaciation and Deglaciation of Antarctica in the Late Eocene: Geology, v. 38, p. 723-726. PDF
19. Shakun, J.D., and Carlson, A.E., 2010, A Global Perspective On Last Glacial Maximum to Holocene Climate Change: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 29, p. 1801-1806. PDF
18. Carlson, A.E., 2009, Geochemical constraints on the Laurentide Ice Sheet contribution to Meltwater Pulse 1A: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 28, p. 1625-1630. PDF
17. Carlson, A.E., Anslow, F.S., Obbink, E.A., LeGrande, A.N., Ullman, D.J., and Licciardi, J.M., 2009, Surface-Melt Driven Laurentide Ice-Sheet Retreat during the Early Holocene: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 36, doi: 10.1029/2009GL040948. PDF
16. Carlson, A.E., Clark, P.U., Haley, B.A., and Klinkhammer, G.P., 2009, Routing of Western Canadian Plains Runoff during the 8.2 ka Cold Event: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 36, doi: 10.1029/2009GL038778. PDF
15. Carlson, A.E., Clark, P.U., and Hostetler, S.W., 2009, Comment: Radiocarbon deglaciation chronology of the Thunder Bay, Ontario area and implications for ice sheet retreat patterns: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 28, doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.05.005. PDF
14. Clark, P.U., Dyke, A.S., Shakun, J.D., Carlson, A.E., Clark, J., Wohlfarth, B., Hostetler, S.W., Mitrovica, J.X., and McCabe, A.M., 2009, The Last Glacial Maximum: Science, v. 325, p. 710-714. PDF
13. Liu, Z., Otto-Bliesner, B., He, F., Brady, E., Thomas, R., Clark, P.U., Carlson, A.E., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Curry, W., Brook, E., Erickson, D., Jacob, R., Kutzbach, J., and Chen, J., 2009, Transient Climate Simulation of Last Deglaciation with a New Mechanism for Bølling-Allerød Warming: Science, v. 325, p. 310-314. PDF
12. Carlson, A.E., 2008, Why there was not a Younger Dryas-like event during the Penultimate Deglaciation: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 27, p. 882-887. PDF
11. Carlson, A.E., and Clark, P.U., 2008, Rapid climate change and Arctic Ocean freshening: Comment: Geology, v. 36, p. e177. PDF
10. Carlson, A.E., LeGrande A.N., Oppo, D.W., Came, R.E., Schmidt, G.A., Anslow, F.S., Licciardi, J.M., and Obbink, E.A., 2008, Rapid early Holocene deglaciation of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Nature Geoscience, v. 1, p. 620-624. PDF
9. Carlson, A.E., Oppo, D.W., Came, R.E., LeGrande, A.N., Keigwin, LD., and Curry, W.B., 2008, Subtropical salinity variability and Atlantic meridional circulation during deglaciation: Geology, v. 36, p. 991-994. PDF
8. Carlson, A.E., Stoner, J.S., Donnelly, J.P., and Hillaire-Marcel, C., 2008, Response of the southern Greenland Ice Sheet during the last two deglaciations: Geology, v. 36, p. 359-362. PDF
7. Sane, S.M., Desai, C.S., Jenson, J.W., Contractor, D.N., Carlson, A.E., and Clark, P.U., 2008, Application of the Disturbed State Concept (DSC) Model to Two Pleistocene Tills: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 27, p. 267-283. PDF
6. Carlson, A.E., Clark, P.U., Raisbeck, G.M., and Brook, E.J., 2007, Rapid Holocene deglaciation of the Labrador Sector of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Journal of Climate, v. 20, p. 5126-5133. PDF
5. Carlson, A.E., Clark, P.U., Haley, B.A., Klinkhammer, G.P., Simmons, K., Brook, E.J., and Meissner, K., 2007, Geochemical proxies of North American freshwater routing during the Younger Dryas cold event: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 104, p. 6556-6561. PDF
4. Carlson, A.E., Jenson, J. W., and Clark, P.U., 2007, Modeling the subglacial hydrology of the James Lobe of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 26, p. 1384-1397. PDF
3. Carlson, A.E., Mickelson, D.M., Principato, S.M., and Chapel, D.M., 2005, The genesis of the northern Kettle Moraine, Wisconsin: Geomorphology, v. 36, p. 365-374. PDF
2. Carlson, A.E., 2004, Dewatering structures genesis and its implications on melt-out till identification: Journal of Glaciology, v. 50, p. 17-24.PDF
1. Carlson, A.E., Jenson, J.W., and Clark P.U., 2004, Field observations from the Tiskilwa Till, IL and Sky Pilot Till, MB of the Laurentide Ice Sheet: Géographie physique et Quaternaire, v. 58, p. 229-239. PDF
Williams, F., Hallman, N., Carlson, A.E., 2015, Developing databases of ancient sea levels and ice sheet extents: Eos, 96, doi: 10.1029/2015EO024295. LINK
Williams, F., Hallman, N., Carlson, A.E., 2014, Methodologies used to document palaeo sea level and ice sheet extent and build sea level/ice sheet databases: Quaternary Perspectives, v. 21, p. 3.
Milne, G., Carlson, A.E., Dutton, A., Long, A., and Rybak, O., 2014, Estimating rates and sources of sea level change during past warm periods: PAGES news, v. 22, p. 42.
Schmittner, A., Harrison, S.P., Carlson, A.E., Mix, A.C., Kageyama, M., and Kucera, M., 2014, PMIP Ocean - Understanding changes since the Last Glacial Maximum: PAGES news, v. 22, p. 45.
Dutton, A., Stone, E.J., and Carlson, A.E., 2013, Ice sheet climate interactions: Implications for coastal engineering: 5th PALSEA Workshop: PAGES news, v. 21, p. 40.
Carlson, A.E., and Stoner, J.S., 2012, Assessing the history of the Greenland Ice Sheet through ocean drilling: PAGES news, v. 20, p. 97.
Carlson, A.E., Stoner, J.S., DEGREE Members, 2011, Assessing the History of the Greenland Ice Sheet through Ocean Drilling: Ocean Leadership, NSF, and PAGES workshop report, 25 pp.