Oregon State University

People

Jack Barth

Jack Barth photo
Professor and Associate Dean for Research

Discipline: Physics of Oceans and Atmospheres
Office: Burt 292
Phone: 541-737-1607
Fax: 541-737-2064
Email: barth@coas.oregonstate.edu

Research Interests

Coastal ocean dynamics; coastal marine ecosystems; hypoxia; inner continental shelf dynamics; flow-topography interactions; frontal instability processes; eastern boundary currents and their associated jets and eddies.

Current Research

High-resolution observations from the inner continental shelf to the adjacent deep ocean in an eastern boundary current upwelling system; influence of physical processes on the formation of low-oxygen (hypoxic) zones on the continental shelf; development of ocean observing systems including a moored autonomous vertical profiling system in collaboration with WET Labs, Inc.

Underwater Gliders

Partnership for Interdisciplinary Studies of Coastal Oceans (PISCO)

Hypoxia off the Pacific Northwest coast

Microbial Initiative in Low-Oxygen waters off Concepcion, Chile, and Oregon (MI-LOCO)

Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI)

Education

B. A., University of Colorado, 1982
Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography, 1987

Multimedia Links

"Dead Zone Update" (Oregon Public Broadcasting's "Oregon Field Guide" video, March 18, 2010)

"The Changing Sea" (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation documentary "One Ocean," March, 25, 2010) http://oneocean.cbc.ca/series/episodes/4-the-changing-sea

"Hypoxia: Dead Zone" (PISCO research video, also on display at the Smithsonian's Ocean Hall, 2009)

"Undersea Gliders May Help Oceanographers Understand 'Dead Zones'" (NSF Science Nation video, 11/16/09)

"Dead Zones: Mysteries of Ocean Die-Offs Revealed" (NSF Special Report multimedia, 10/8/2009)

"Ocean Dead Zones" (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's "As It Happens" radio interview, 10/14/2009) (starts at 19:28 in Part III)

"Dead Zones" (Dr. Kiki's Science Hour, This Week in Technology podcast, 11/21/2009)

"Community Organizing, Ocean Style: Ocean Observatories Initiative" ("Ocean Gazing" podcast, 11/27/2009)

"Broader Coastal and Ocean Effects," (Oregon Sea Grant's "Oregon Coast Climate Change" video, 2009)

"Ocean Circulation" (Oregon Public Broadcasting's "Oregon Field Guide" video, 2005)

Publications

Refereed Publications:

Ainley, D. G., K. D. Dugger, R. G. Ford, S. D. Pierce, D. C. Reese, R. D. Brodeur, C. T. Tynan, and J. A. Barth (2009) Association of predators and prey at frontal features in the northern California Current: competition, facilitation, and co-occurrence. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 389, 271-294.

Barth, J. A., B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco, F. Chan, J. M. Bane, A. R. Kirincich, M. A. McManus, K. J. Nielsen, S. D. Pierce and L. Washburn, 2007. Delayed upwelling alters nearshore coastal ocean ecosystems in the Northern California Current. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 104, 3719-3724.

Pierce, S. D., J. A. Barth, R. E. Thomas and G. W. Fleischer, 2006. Anomalously warm July 2005 in the northern California Current: Historical context and the significance of cumulative wind stress. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L22S04, doi:10.1029/2006GL027149.

Castelao, R. M. and J. A. Barth, 2006. Upwelling around Cabo Frio, Brazil: The importance of wind stress curl. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03602, doi:10.1029/2005GL025182.

Castelao, R. M., T. P. Mavor, J. A. Barth and L. C. Breaker, 2006. Sea-surface temperature fronts in the California Current System from geostationary satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C09026, doi:10.1029/2006JC003541.

Dale, A. C., M. D. Levine, J. A. Barth, and J. A. Austin, 2006. A dye tracer reveals cross-shelf dispersion and interleaving on the Oregon shelf. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L03604, doi:10.1029/2005GL024959.

Castelao, R. M. and J. A. Barth, 2006. The relative importance of wind strength and along-shelf bathymetric variations on the separation of a coastal upwelling jet. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 36, 412-425.

Castelao, R. M., J. A. Barth and T. P. Mavor, 2005. Flow-topography interactions in the northern California Current System observed from geostationary satellite data. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L24612, doi:10.1029/2005GL024401

Barth, J. A. and P. A. Wheeler, 2005. Introduction to special section: Coastal Advances in Shelf Transport. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C10), C10S01, doi:10.1029/2005JC003124.

Barth, J. A., S. D. Pierce and R. M. Castelao, 2005. Time-dependent, wind-driven flow over a shallow mid-shelf submarine bank. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C10), C10S05, doi:10.1029/2004JC002761.

Kurapov, A. L., J. S. Allen, G. D. Egbert, R. N. Miller, P. M. Kosro, M. D. Levine, T. Boyd, J. A. Barth and J. Moum , 2005. Assimilation of moored velocity data in a model of coastal wind-driven circulation off Oregon: Multivariate capabilities. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C10), C10S08, doi:10.1029/2004JC002493.

Kirincich, A. R., J. A. Barth, B. A. Grantham, B. A. Menge and J. Lubchenco, 2005. Wind-driven inner-shelf circulation off central Oregon during summer. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C10), C10S03, doi:10.1029/2004JC002611.

Castelao, R. M. and J. A. Barth, 2005. Coastal ocean response in a region of alongshore bottom topography variations off Oregon during summer upwelling. J. Geophys. Res., 110(C10), C10S04, doi:10.1029/2004JC002409.

Tynan, C. T., D. G. Ainley, J. A. Barth, T. J. Cowles, S. D. Pierce and L. Spear, 2005. Cetacean distributions relative to ocean processes in the northern California Current System. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 145-167.

Ressler, P. H., R. D. Brodeur, W. T. Peterson, S. D. Pierce, P. M. Vance, A. R. Roestad and J. A. Barth, 2005. The spatial distribution of euphausiid aggregations in the northern California Current during August 2000. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 89-108.

Barth, J. A., S. D. Pierce and T. J. Cowles, 2005. Mesoscale structure and its seasonal evolution in the northern California Current System. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 5-28.

Ainley, D. G., L. B. Spear, C. T. Tynan, J. A. Barth, S. D. Pierce, R. G. Ford and T. J. Cowles, 2005. Physical and biological variables affecting seabird distributions during the upwelling season of the northern California Current. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 123-143.

Bogucki, D. J., L. G. Redekopp and J. Barth, 2005. Internal solitary waves in the Coastal Mixing and Optics experiment 1996: Multimodal structure and resuspension. J. Geophys. Res., 110, C02024, doi:10.1029/2003JC002253.

Sotka, E. E., J. P. Wares, J. A. Barth, R. K. Grosberg and S. R. Palumbi, 2004. Strong genetic clines and geographical variation in gene flow in the rocky intertidal barnacle Balanus glandula. Molecular Ecology, 13, 2143-2156.

Ott, M. W., J. A. Barth and A. Y. Erofeev, 2004. Microstructure measurements from a towed undulating platform. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 1621-1632.

Grantham, B. A., F. Chan, K. J. Nielsen, D. S. Fox, J. A. Barth, A. Huyer, J. Lubchenco and B. A. Menge, 2004. Upwelling-driven nearshore hypoxia signals ecosystem and oceanographic changes in the northeast Pacific. Nature, 429, 749-754.

Barth, J. A., D. Hebert, A. C. Dale and D. S. Ullman, 2004. Direct observations of along-isopycnal upwelling and diapycnal velocity at a shelfbreak front. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 543-565.

Barth, J. A., 2003. Anomalous southward advection during 2002 in the northern California Current: Evidence from Lagrangian surface drifters. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(15), 8024, doi:10.1029/2003GL017511.

Ullman, D. S., A. C. Dale, D. Hebert and J. A. Barth, 2003. The front on the Northern Flank of Georges Bank in spring: 2. Cross-frontal fluxes and mixing. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C11), 8010, doi:10.1029/2002JC001328.

Dillon, T., J. A. Barth, A. Erofeev, G. May and H. Wijesekera, 2003. MicroSoar: A new instrument for measuring microscale turbulence from rapidly moving submerged platforms. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 20, 1671-1684.

Dale, A. C., D. S. Ullman, J. A. Barth and D. Hebert, 2003. The front on the Northern Flank of Georges Bank in spring: 1. Tidal and subtidal variability. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C11), 8009, doi:10.1029/2002JC001327.

Samelson, R., Barbour, P., Barth, J., Bielli, S., Boyd, T., Chelton, D., Kosro, P., Levine, M., Skyllingstad, E.and J. Wilczak, 2002. Wind stress forcing of the Oregon coastal ocean during the 1999 upwelling season. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C5), 3034, doi:10.1029/2001JC000900.

Rehder, G., R. W. Collier, K. Heeschen, P. M. Kosro, J. Barth and E. Suess, 2002. Enhanced marine CH4 emissions to the atmosphere off Oregon caused by coastal upwelling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(3), 1081, doi:10.1029/2000GB001391.

Oke, P. R., J. S. Allen, R. N. Miller, G. D. Egbert, J. A. Austin, J. A. Barth, T. J. Boyd, P. M. Kosro, and M. D. Levine, 2002. A modeling study of the three-dimensional continental shelf circulation off Oregon. Part I: Model-data comparisons. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 1360-1382.

Batchelder, H. P., J. A. Barth, P. M. Kosro, P. T. Strub, R. D. Brodeur, W. T. Peterson, C. T. Tynan, M. D. Ohlman, L. W. Botsford, T. M. Powell, F. B. Schwing, D. G. Ainley, D. L. Mackas, B. M. Hickey and S. R. Ramp, 2002. The GLOBEC Northeast Pacific California Current System program. Oceanography, 15(2), 36-47.

Barth, J. A., T. J. Cowles, P. M. Kosro, R. K. Shearman, A. Huyer and R. L. Smith, 2002. Injection of carbon from the shelf to offshore beneath the euphotic zone in the California Current. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C6), 3057, doi:10.1029/2001JC000956.

Austin, J. A. and J. A. Barth, 2002b. Variation in the position of the upwelling front on the Oregon shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C11), 3180, doi:10.1029/2001JC000858.

Austin, J. A. and J. A. Barth, 2002a. Drifter behavior on the Oregon-Washington shelf during downwelling-favorable winds. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 32, 3132-3144.

Mengelt, C., M. R. Abbott, J. A. Barth, R. M. Letelier, C. I. Measures and S. Vink, 2001. Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to silicic acid, iron and the physical structure across the Antarctic Polar Front, 170W, during austral summer. Deep-Sea Res. II, 48, 4081-4100.

Dale, A. C. and J. A. Barth, 2001. The hydraulics of an upwelling jet flowing around a cape. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 226-243.

Barth, J. A., T. J. Cowles and S. D. Pierce, 2001. Mesoscale physical and bio-optical structure of the Antarctic Polar Front near 170dg W during spring. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 13,879-13,902.

Shearman, R. K., J. A. Barth, J. S. Allen and R. L. Haney, 2000. Diagnosis of the three-dimensional circulation in mesoscale features with large Rossby number. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30, 2687-2709.

van Geen, A., R. K. Takesue, J. Goddard, T. Takahashi, J. A. Barth and R. L. Smith , 2000. Carbon and nutrient dynamics during coastal upwelling off Cape Blanco, Oregon. Deep-Sea Res. II, 47, 975-1002.

Pierce, S. D., R. L. Smith, P. M. Kosro, J. A. Barth and C. D. Wilson, 2000. Continuity of the poleward undercurrent along the eastern boundary of the mid-latitude north Pacific. Deep-Sea Res. II, 47, 811-829.

Barth, J. A., S. D. Pierce and R. L. Smith, 2000. A separating coastal upwelling jet at Cape Blanco, Oregon and its connection to the California Current System. Deep-Sea Res. II, 47, 783-810.

Barth, J. A. and D. J. Bogucki, 2000. Spectral light absorption and attenuation measurements from a towed undulating vehicle. Deep-Sea Res., 47, 323-342.

Shearman, R. K., J. A. Barth and P. M. Kosro, 1999. Diagnosis of the three-dimensional circulation associated with mesoscale motion in the California Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 29, 651-670.

Ryan, J. P., J. A. Yoder, J. A. Barth and P. C. Cornillon, 1999. Chlorophyll enhancement and mixing associated with meanders of the shelfbreak front in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23,479-23,493.

Pierce, S. D., J. A. Barth and R. L. Smith, 1999. Improving acoustic Doppler current profiler accuracy with wide-area differential GPS and adaptive smoothing of ship velocity. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 16, 591-596.

Miller, A. J., J. C. McWilliams, N. Schneider, J. S. Allen, J. A. Barth, R. C. Beardsley, T. K. Chereskin, C. A. Edwards, R. L. Haney, K. A. Kelly, J. C. Kindle, L. N. Ly, J. R. Moisan, M. A. Noble, P. P. Niiler, L. Y. Oey, F. B. Schwing, R. K. Shearman and M. S. Swenson, 1999. Observing and modeling the California Current System: Purposes, achievements and aspirations. Eos Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80(45), 533-539.

Huyer, A., J. A. Barth, P. M. Kosro, R. K. Shearman and R. L. Smith, 1998. Upper-ocean water mass characteristics of the California current, Summer 1993. Deep-Sea Res. II, 45, 1411-1442.

Barth, J.A. and R. L. Smith, 1998. Separation of a coastal upwelling jet at Cape Blanco, Oregon, USA. In Benguela Dynamics: Impacts of Variability on Shelf-Sea Environments and their Living Resources. Pillar, S. C., Moloney, C. L., Payne, A. I. L. and F. A. Shillington (Eds). S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 19, 5-14.

Barth, J. A., D. Bogucki, S. D. Pierce and P. M. Kosro, 1998. Secondary circulation associated with a shelfbreak front. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2761-2764.

Kosro, P. M., J. A. Barth and P. T. Strub, 1997. The coastal jet: Observations of surface currents over the Oregon continental shelf from HF radar. Oceanography, 10, 53-56.

Barth, J.A., 1994. Short-wavelength instabilities on coastal jets and fronts. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 16095-16115.

Strub, P.T., P.M. Kosro, A. Huyer and CTZ Collaborators, 1991. The nature of the cold filaments in the California current system. J. Geophys. Res., 96, 14743-14768.

Allen, J.S., J.A. Barth and P.A. Newberger, 1990. On intermediate models for barotropic continental shelf and slope flow fields: Part III. Comparison of numerical model solutions in periodic channels. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 1949-1973.

Barth, J.A., J.S. Allen and P.A. Newberger, 1990. On intermediate models for barotropic continental shelf and slope flow fields: Part II. Comparison of numerical model solutions in doubly-periodic domains. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 1044-1076.

Allen, J.S., J.A. Barth and P.A. Newberger, 1990. On intermediate models for barotropic continental shelf and slope flow fields: Part I. Formulation and comparison of exact solutions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 20, 1017-1042.

Barth, J.A., 1989. Stability of a coastal upwelling front: Part II. Model results and comparison with observations. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 10857-10883.

Barth, J.A., 1989. Stability of a coastal upwelling front: Part I. Model development and a stability theorem. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 10844-10856.

Barth, J.A. and K.H. Brink, 1987. Shipboard acoustic Doppler profiler velocity observations near Point Conception: Spring 1983. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 3925-3943.

Chapman, D.C., J.A. Barth, R.C. Beardsley and R.G. Fairbanks, 1986. On the continuity of mean flow between the Scotian Shelf and the Middle Atlantic Bight. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 16, 758-772.

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